- By definition, booby traps are disguised & well-hidden, commonly using the victim's interactions to activate the devices.... Be aware of your surroundings.
- Successful IED defeat begins with understanding the enemy & their tactics (Gaddafi forces).
- A primary location for mines is along side roadways, usually within 3 meters of the shoulder.
- Potential sites for booby traps & mines include but are not limited to: Frequently traveled, predictable routes, abandoned structures and areas surrounding a prior enemy position, animal carcasses and human bodies(potentially manikins), unattended vehicles, previous booby trap sites if Gaddafi's forces have been back into an area, and recently disturbed spots on the ground/ piles of debris.
- Be prepared to implement alternative routes if a mine field or booby trapped vehicle is found.
- Camouflage: Of the mines deployed so far, only the Type 84 parachute deployed mine is not painted to camouflage into the surrounding dessert. Both anti-personnel mines and anti-vehicle mines have been found painted with a khaki color.
- It can be expected that the presence of an anti-vehicle mine will be in conjunction with anti-personnel mines, and vise versa.
- Each mine has a different method to safely clear, identification of munition is key; Some mines are vulnerable & can be destroyed with a rifle, while other mines (Like Type 72) are very resilient to destructive countermeasures.
- The population of an area where IEDs are present need to be aware of the dangers, Freedom Fighters should rope & flag IED location, talk with local population & raise awareness by handing out the posters/ flyers.
- Remember not to touch a mine, work slowly and carefully not to shift the ground, remove all metal objects on you before approaching a mine to prevent change in the magnetic field.
- The primary two methods to handle mines are shooting it or closing off the area for an expert to remove.
- If planning on exploding an ordinance, try to surround it with materials to dampen explosion; sandbags, concrete, old tires, but whatever is used - be very careful not to disturb mine.
- Keep records of locations of found IEDs.
- Error on the side of safety, always. (Don't use landmines as explosives for fishing)
- The most common mines encountered are the Type 72SP anti-tank mines & the T-AB-1 Anti-personnel mines – This Guide's sections on those two mines should be carefully reviewed.
- Noticeably fewer people or vehicles in a normally busy area.
- Markers by the side of the road, such as tires, rock piles, ribbon, graffiti, etc., that may identify an IED location to the party that planted it. (be weary of the Green of Gaddafi's flag.)
- Obstacles in the roadways; such as dirt piles, construction, dead animals or bodies, trash, etc..
- Vehicles that are parked close to buildings or checkpoints, or are parked away from other cars.
- A vehicle that looked to be apart of a convoy but pulled away and parked.
- Parked vehicles that have their suspension compressed signify a potential vehicle-based IED.
Cluster Bomb Sub-Munitions
Cluster sub-munitions found so far come from a MAT-120 120mm mortar. This munition can be fired from as far as 4 miles carrying a package of 21 of these sub-munitions (See right). While some claim that these ordinances are made not to explode after a certain amount of time, several have detonated once disturbed in Libya. The MAT sub-munition should be treated as a live mine, which requires the recording of the location, the forming a safe perimeter(50 meters), and finally to shoot the munition with a rifle; triggering it to detonate.